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Monday, September 1, 2014

PROPAGATION

Aloe Vera is generally propagated by root suckers by carefully digging out without damaging the parent plant and planting it in the main field. It can also be propagated through rhizome cuttings by digging out the rhizomes after the harvest of the crop and making them into 5-6 cm length cuttings with a minimum of 2-3 nodes on them. Then they are rooted in specially prepared sand beds or containers.
The plant is ready for transplanting after the appearance of the first sprouts.
In Aloe vera cultivation, vegetative propagation is usually preferred above propagation by seed, because of poor seedling emergence and faster initial growth of suckers. Water deficiency may lead to decreased sucker formation. Suckers can be cut from the mother plant when they are 15–20 cm long. They may be grown in a nursery during the first year. Micropropagation through in-vitro culture of vegetative meristems, as well as in-vitro regeneration of leaf base explants is possible.


Good planting material is prerequisite for potential return from crops. In the study area, farmers used root sucker and stalk of mature plants as planting materials. Root sucker usually was separated from the mother plant after a certain period it was stored in a place for planting. Majority of the farmers (76%) considered disease free and spotless root sucker with 2/3 of roots since it gave quick return and required minimum input. Verma (1971) and Anon (2004) reported the same preference in choosing planting materials.

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